Created: 04/15/99 :: Updated:2/12/03 :: Visitors: :: © A. Drogoul 1993-2003 ::

Table of contents


The MANTA project is an application of the EthoModelling Framework (EMF) to the simulation of the social organization in ant colonies. Our aim with MANTA is to test hypotheses about the way social structures, such as a division of labour, can emerge as a consequence of the behaviours and interactions of individuals. In other words, we want to evaluate the minimal set of causes that has to be provided at the micro-level to observe given structures at the macro-level. Experiments on the social dynamics of ants have been, and still are, conducted on the following themes:

MANTA provides the researcher with:

back to top


Update (1/15/2000) : Manta is now being ported to the Swarm language. No official version is already available, but you can contact Paulo Urbano to have more information.

Update (7/1/99): At least two people have reported errors in running both versions of Manta in the last two weeks. It seems I have made an error when unzipping and zipping them again. The links should normally now point to the correct archives. As a bonus, I've also uploaded the first version ever written in Delphi 1 (v1.5). Be warned that it does not use the same species and nests files than the two others. Tell me if you still have problems.

The original version of Manta has been written by myself in Smalltalk-80 in 1991. It has been followed by a Turbo-Pascal 7.0 version written by Steffen Lalande in 1992. I have implemented it in Delphi 2 in 1994, with a nicer graphical interface, and in Delphi 3 in 1997 (with the help of Iain Kusel). The following software is available for downloading :

The two first versions are file-compatible, which means you can program a species under Manta2 and use it under Manta3. There is no documentation attached to these programs, because I have no time for writing one. You can try them and report any bugs to me. I cannot promise, however, I will look at them! (but I know some workarounds for common errors). The following software is not available on the net, but can be obtained by simply sending me a mail :

back to top


List of the people that have worked or still work on this project :

back to top


This project has been designed and conducted during 7 years by me and two ethologists from the LEEC (University of Paris XIII): Bruno Corbara (now at the University of Clermont-Ferrand) and Dominique Fresneau.

back to top

Related papers

You might be interested to take a look at these papers for further information :

back to top

Related links

You might be interested to take a look at these links for further information :


back to top