Experiences with e-books show that the principle obstacle to electronic reading is neither the weight, nor the autonomy or the discomfort of reading on screen, but the absence of reference mark which makes it possible to replace the current window of reading in the whole of the book. With the notion of Memory Islands, we have developed an automatic cartography of electronic documents which constitutes an attempt to facilitate navigation, reading and memorization of contents. It is to automatically build a singular picture which is designed to be associated to our remembering of each document, i.e. to our mental image. This picture corresponds to the cartography of an island. Its shape is build from the document structure; its coloring reflects the affective content of the text extracted by keywords spotting techniques while icons associated to document topics are added to textual legends as in ancient geographical maps.
A preliminary paper on Memory Islands (here)
A general paper on the principle of Memory Island is given here: AC3 - Automatic Cartography of cultural contents (pdf file)
We also developed an application of memory Island to the description of what people call EPG (Electronic Program Guide) for the TV content (pdf file)
Here are a few examples of Memory Islands (pdf file)